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2018下半年全国英语等级考试二级阅读理解试题及答案

优德w88   2018-09-05   【

2018下半年全国英语等级考试二级阅读理解试题及答案

  What do you use to get around town? A car? A bike? Your feet ? perhaps you should try a segway!

  The Segway is perfect for short journeys. It’s an electric vehicle that consists of a platform between two wheels, with a pole that connects the platform to the handlebars. To ride it , you step up onto the platform, and control the Segway by moving your body. Lean forwards to go faster, and back-wards to slow down.

  On older models, direction was controlled by a twist grip(扭转把手)on the left handlebar. This varies the speeds between the two motors, and a decrease in the speed of the left wheel would turn the Segway to the left . With newer models you simply lean to the left or right. Meanwhile, a gyroscope (陀螺仪)detects your movements and prevents the machine from falling over. The Segway has a maximum speed of 19 km per hour and a range of about 38 km. after that, you need to plug it and recharge the battery.

  Segways are used for a variety of purposes. People with mobility problems can now enjoy walks in the country with their friends and family. Some golfers see them as an alternative to the golf cart . And dog owners now have an easier way to take the dog to the park. A few police forces use Segways, too. They allow officers to move quickly while maintaining contact with the public. They’re also becoming a common sight on airport . However, the most popular use is in tourism , particularly for city tours . Visit any major tourist city in summer, sit outside a cafe for a while and there’s a good chance you’ll see a group of tourists passing on Segways.

  小题1:How do you turn to the left on a Segway of the new model?A.Lean to the leftB.Adjust the twist grip

  C.Press the left barD.Control the gyroscope

  小题2:How far can you travel on a Segway at most?A.Less than 19 kmB.About 19 km

  C.About 38 kmD.Over 45 km

  小题3:The Segway is most commonly used by .A.familiesB.golfers

  C.policeD.tourists

  小题4:Which of the following correctly shows the order in which information about the Segway is provided?A.Introduction→Ways of application→ structure→Principle of operation

  B.Introduction→ Principle of operation→Structure →Ways of application

  C.Introduction → Structure → Principle of operation →ways of application

  D.Structure→ Introduction→Principle of operation→Ways of application

  小题5:Which of the following pictures shows the Segways being used?

  参考答案及解析

  小题1:A

  小题2:C

  小题3:D

  小题4:C

  小题5:B

  试题分析:本文章向读者介绍了一种新型的交通运输方式segway。

  小题1:A 细节题。根据第三自然段With newer models you simply lean to the left or right. 可知A 正确

  小题2:C 细节题。根据第三自然段The Segway has a maximum speed of 19 km per hour and a range of about 38 km. 可知Segway 最多能跑38 km。故C正确

  小题3:D 细节题。根据最后一自然段However, the most popular use is in tourism , particularly for city tours . 可知D正确

  小题4:C推理题。纵观全文可知这篇文章先向介绍了Segway这个新型交通工具,接着介绍了它的构造,然后介绍了它的操作原理,最后介绍了其使用范围。故C正确

  小题5:B 细节题。根据第二自然段关于Segway构造的描述,B正确

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