各地
资讯
当前位置:优德w88 >> 公共英语 >> PETS二级 >> 口语指导 >> 2018全国英语等级考试二级语法资料:代词

2018全国英语等级考试二级语法资料:代词

优德w88   2018-07-11   【

2018全国英语等级考试二级语法资料:代词

  代词

  1.代词分类表:英语中代词有九类,用来指代名词或上、下文中的词,词组或句子。

 

#FormatImgID_0#数

人  

种        称

   类

单数

复数

1

人称

代词

主格

I

you

he

she

it

we

you

they

宾格

me

you

him

her

it

us

you

them

2

物主

代词

形容

词性

my

your

his

her

its

our

your

their

名词性

mine

yours

his

hers

its

ours

yours

theirs

3

反身代词

myself

yourself

himself

herself

itself

ourselves

yourselves

themselves

4

指示代词

this  that

these  those

5

不定代词

指代人

somebody, someone, anybody, anyone, nobody, no one, everybody, everyone

 

事物

something, anything, nothing, everything

 

指代人或物事

one, another, each, every, much, either, neither, little, a little

ones, others, the others, both,few, a few, many, several

some, any, no, all, other, the other, none, a lot(of), such

6

相互代词

each other, one another, each other’s,one another’s

7

疑问代词

who(ever), whom(ever), whose(ever), which(ever), what(ever)

8

连接代词

who(ever), whom(ever), whose(ever), which(ever), what(ever)

9

关系代词

who, whom, whose, which, that, as

  2.人称代词用法表:

序号

作用

用法说明

例       句

1

作主语

用主格

Does he enjoy listening to music?

2

作表语

指主语用主格

Was it she who saw the white cat?

指宾语用宾格

I believe the writer to be him.

3

作宾语

用宾格

These books belong to them.

  注意:

  (1)代词并列时,排列顺序为“二,三,一”人称,如:“you,he and I”;“him and me”。

  (2)人称代词常在名词后,但“you”在名词前,如:“you, Tom and I”。

  (3)其他种类代词在“人称代词”后,如:“he and some others”。

  (4)口语中,宾格作表语,如:“It’s me.”。

  3.物主代词:

分  类

句法功能

例  句

形容词性物主代词

作定语

This is my pen.

名词性物主代词

作主语、表语、宾语

This bike is hers.

  注意:名词性物主代词可用于双重所有格中:

  She is a friend of mine.

  4.反身代词:

序号

 

在句中充当的成分

例    句

1

宾语

位于动词后

She could dress herself when she was six.

位于介词后

Take care of yourselves.

“宾语+and”后

She invited Mike and myself to the party.

2

表  语

He doesn’t seem himself today.

3

主语同位语

He himself had to do it/He had to do it himself.

宾语同位语

You can ask the president himself.

4

and之后

(Both)Mary and myself will go.

or之后

(Either)Mary or yourself will go.

nor之后

(Neither)Mike nor yourself have anything to do with it.

  注意:

  (1)反身代词不单独作主语。

  (2)oneself也是一个反身代词,用法与上面相同。One should not live for oneself alone.

  5.指示代词:“this,that,these,those”,可作名词用也可作形容词用。见下表:

 

在句中的成分

例    句

1

作主语

This is Smith.

2

作宾语

I like this.

3

作表语

His idea is this.

4

作形容词用

作定语

This way,please.

  6.不定代词:

用法

不定代词

例词或例句

说明

1

定语

接可数单数

every“每个的”,只作定语

every body

指三者或三者以上的“每个的”。

接可数复数

other

other boys

 

接三类名词

no

no people

no=not a/any

2

主语、表语、宾语

代单数(人)

someone,somebody

anyone,anybody

everyone,everybody

no one,nobody

Someone is waiting for Jack.

Is everyone here?

Is there anybody out?

someone,somebody 用肯定句中或表建议等的疑问句中;

anyone,anybody用于否定条件句或疑问句中。

代单数(物)

something,anything

nothing,everything

Something is wrong with my bike.

something用于肯定句或表建议等的句子里;anything用于否定句或疑问句中。

代复数

(人/物)

others,the others

She likes to help others.

Where are the others?

the others其余的人/物。

 

none

None of us is afraid.

指三者或三者以上当中“没一个”。

3

既可作名词又可作形容词

主语、定语、表语、宾语

不可数

little,a little,much

There’s little time left.

little“几乎没有”,表否定。

可数复数

few,a few,many,several, both

Both my sisters are good.

few“几乎没有”表否定;both只用于两者“两者都”。

可数单数

one each(二者或三者以上的“每一”)

another,either,neither

Each student has a pencil.

either二者之中任一个;neither二者之中没一个。

接/代三类名词

all,some,any,such,the other

He has two sons.One is a doctor. The other(one)is a teacher.

some用于肯定句或表建议的句中;any用于否定、疑问句或条件句中。

可数复数或不可数

lots of, a lot of, a lot

He has lots of/a lot of friends.

He has a lot to say.

 

  注意:

  (1)both(二者都)和all(三者或以上都)可以作同位语,位于助动词,系动词或情态动词后,行为动词之前。

  The boys are all in the classroom.

  Both(of)my brothers like sports.

  (2)every other+可数名词单数:指“每隔一…”。

  They go to play basketball every other day.

  (3)no/any/every/some与one/body构成的复合词指人,不用于of前。

  (4)all/both/every及其复合词与否定词连用时,表部分否定。相应的全否定为none/neither/no one/nobody/nothing等。

  Not all of us are teachers=All of us are not teachers.

  None of us are students.

  (5)“another+数词+名词复数”表示“再来(数词)…”。

  Another two coffees,please.

  (6)the other+单数可数名词或不可数名词或复数可数名词表示“其余的/所有剩下的…”。

  The other boys are playing on the playground.

  the other后不接任何词时,指“二者中的另一个。”

  I have two skirts. One is red. The other is blue and white stripes.

  7.疑问代词:用来构成特殊疑问句。在句中可作主语、宾语、表语、定语、补语等。

在句中成分

例句

主语

Who did it?

宾语

What are you doing?

定语

Whose bike is it?

补语

What do you call it in Japanese?

表语

Whose is this book?

  小编推荐2018年公共英语二级语法知识汇总

纠错评论责编:examwkk
相关推荐
热点推荐»

book.examw.com

  • 全国英语等级考试口试必备第五级
    ¥15.80
  • 全国英语等级考试教材第五级(全新版)
    ¥49.00
  • 高教版全新全国英语等级考试教材第5级+辅导5件套
    ¥194.00
  • 高教版全新全国英语等级考试教材第5级公共英语五级标准教程PETS1附光盘
    ¥50.00
  • 高教版全新全国英语等级考试教材第4级公共英语四级标准教程PETS4附光盘
    ¥60.00

论坛热帖

  • 12017年9月全国英语等级考试四级真题
  • 22017年9月全国英语等级考试pets3真
  • 32017年9月全国英语等级考试二级pet
  • 42017年9月全国英语等级考试pets1真
  • 52017-2012年PETS3公共英语三级真题
  • 62017-2012年PETS2公共英语二级真题
  • 72017-2012年PETS1公共英语一级真题
  • 82017年3月全国公共英语等级考试真题
51latji